Oct 24, 2022 · Asthma is characterized by variable and often reversible airway obstruction with bronchial hyperreactivity.

Postoperative Tracheal Extubation.

. Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) and their management are clinically important in patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

This wheezing and coughing can make it difficult to get.

An increased risk of laryngospasm may be due to a.

Postoperative Tracheal Extubation. Both the US and the global prevalence of asthma continue to rise. BRONCHOSPASM.

1 Introduction.

. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In general residual anesthesia effects, post-operative pain, and abnormal abdominal mechanics contribute to decreasing FRC and progressive collapse of dependant lung units.

. 2.

This wheezing and coughing can make it difficult to get.


. The incidence of early post-operative hypoxemia and its contributing factors among patients underwent operation under anesthesia at University of.

Irritation of the airways (bronchospasm) Irritation of the vocal cords (laryngospasm) Air in the space between the lung covering (pleural space) that causes the lung to collapse (pneumothorax) Your risks may vary depending on your general health and other factors. 3% of the global population is affected.

Post-obstructive pulmonary oedema occurred in 4% and pulmonary aspiration in 3%.
Respiratory rate is titrated to maintain an adequate washout of carbon dioxide (CO 2), targeting the end-tidal CO 2 in a range of 4.


You may also cough a lot when your bronchial tubes are constricted.

. 05 mL/kg per dose (maximum of 0. Negative pressure pulmonary edema (NPPE), the noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, is caused by upper airway obstruction and rapid negative intrapleural pressure increasing due to attempts of inspiration against the obstruction.

. . Mar 22, 2017 · Wheezing is one of the most common symptoms of a bronchial spasm. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 2008; 20:207. NPPE is a dangerous clinical complication during the recovery period after general anesthesia.


rheumatic aortic and mitral valve insufficiency. .

The incidence and severity of asthma are high and increasing.

Respiratory problems in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU).


Confirm that the problem is bronchospasm, and not a blocked circuit or endotracheal tube.

D/D of Intra-operative Bronchospasm Esophageal intubation Inadequate anaesthesia Mucous plugging of the airway Kinked or obstructed tube/circuit, Pulmonary aspiration.